Welcome to Rwanda

Rwanda is rich in flora and fauna with numerous lakes and best-known for the gorillas residing in its various mountains, which can be encountered during the trekking. You can enjoy bathing in the magic waters of the hot springs. Or stand on a bridge an

Featured Overland Adventures in Rwanda

Country Quick Facts


This landlocked country, surrounded by Uganda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of Congo, is officially called as Democratic of Rwanda.     Located in East Africa, it is one of the smallest countries of Africa in the great rift valley. This country situated at high altitude, comes under the most densely populated country of Africa. It is located a little south of the Equator. Numerous mountains exist in its topography. The country’s capital city, Kigali, is also the largest in Rwanda.

Area: 26,338 km2 
Population: 12,374,397 
Capital: Kigali


Rwanda exhibits temperate, tropical highland climate. The temperature is little less than the typical countries falling under a similar category owing to its high altitude. The central city of Kigali has an average daily temperature from 12 to 27° C. there are two rainy and two dry seasons in the country. The rainy season lasts from February to June and September to December. The remaining months observe dry season. 

People & Language

Rwanda can also be referred to as the country of young people, with most of its population residing in rural areas. Accommodating hardworking people, Rwandan people have adopted Unity, Work and Patriotism as the national motto. The female education and development are also recognized in the country as Rwanda is amongst the three countries in the entire world that have a majority of females in the national parliaments. Kinyarwanda is the primary language of the country, spoken by most of the Rwandans. European languages such as French and German are also widely used. This country has accepted a variety of languages. The official languages include Kinyarwanda, English, French, and Swahili. Kinyarwanda is the national language, and English is accepted in all educational institutions as a medium of study. Swahili, a mandatory subject in schools, is spoken as a second language by some people. 


Time: A single time zone is prevalent in this small country. 

Kigali - Central Africa Time (CAT) is 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. (UTC +02:00)

Electricity: Electricity in Rwanda is supplied at 230 V and 50 Hz. Two types of plug systems are in use here: Type C with two round pins and Type J with three round pins. If you are from the US, Canada, or South American countries, you will need a voltage converter, as the standard voltage of your appliances would be fit for the voltage range 100-127 V.

Weight & Measurement: Metric system is followed in Rwanda, and all distances are measured in kilometres.

Telecommunications: Around 8% of the population uses the internet in Rwanda. It gives a whopping speed of 7.88 Mbit/s. For data speed, Rwanda stood first amongst the African countries. Telecommunications centre is regulated by the two bodies- Rwanda Information Technology Authority and Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Agency.  The government monitors homes, e-mails, telephone calls, internet chat rooms, and personal and institutional data as per the reports surfaced. 


The official currency of Rwanda is the Rwandan franc, with the currency code issued by ISO 4217 as RWF. The currency is available in the forms of coins and banknotes. The coins made up of aluminium, bronze, and nickel-plated steel as main constituents, are available in the denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 francs; while the banknotes are available in denominations 500, 1000, 2000, and 5000. ATMs are widespread in the country capital Kigali. However, if you are travelling outside this city for a while, keep the cash with you as very few places accept credit cards in Rwanda.

Top Attractions

Food and Drink

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Culture & Lifestyle

In Rwanda, most of the ceremonies, festivals, social gatherings, and storytelling are accompanied by music and dance.  The most famous traditional dance has three steps: umushagiriro- cow dance performed by women, intore- dance of heroes performed by men and the drumming performed by men on ingoma drums.

The national ballet is the most popular dance group in the country. The music industry is flourishing in Rwanda, where hip-hop comes under the most popular genre. Association football, volleyball, basketball, and athletics are widely played sports games in the country. Traditional crafts and arts of the country thrived on making functional items rather than a mere decoration piece. 

Such commonly used items are woven baskets and bowls. A unique cow dung art- imigongo originated from south Rwanda. The students of the art school also practise ceramic, painting and wood carving. As fas as literary works are concerned, though Rwanda does not have a long history of its written culture, people mostly inherit the oral culture of poetries and folk stories. Several films have been made about the genocide, some featuring the survivors of the massacre itself.

Overlanding in Rwanda

The country is safe to travel around. For developing the transport network, road infrastructure is developed. The routes of Kigali-Kibuye, Kigali-Ruhengeri, Ruhengeri-Gisenyi, Kigali-Byumba, and Kigali-Gitarama all have paved roads. High winds blow on the way from Kigali to Kibuye, but they are maintained in excellent condition with less traffic. The route from Kigali to Gisenyi via Ruhengeri is also maintained properly.

You can have a bumper-free journey from Kigali to Uganda’s border country Byumba. But, the internal road networks in the city of Kigali and its suburbs is in an inferior condition. If you are traversing by yourself from Kibuye to Gisenyi or Cyangugu, then be careful, the driving is challenging. Use the all-terrain vehicle in Rwanda for a better journey and safety. Exert caution while driving particularly at night as many people stroll on the road along with the children

Urban Adventure in Rwanda

Volcanoes National Park, Northwest

Located in the northwestern area of Rwanda, this national park is situated in the rainforest area with five volcanoes of Virunga mountains- Karisimbi, Bisoke, Muhabura, Gahinga, and Sabyinyo. Virunga national park and Mgahinga national park of Uganda shares the border with this park. Mountain gorilla and golden monkey are extensively found here. You can even go for trekking on Mount Bioske, which is located in this park. American naturalist also researched gorillas in this national park. As there are considerable variations in the altitude within the boundaries of the park, a variety of vegetation can be found here. Bamboo forest, Hagenia forest, grasslands, meadows, marshes, swamps, and small lakes form the topography of this park. Besides mountain gorilla and golden monkeys, spotted hyena, bushbuck, and bird species are also residing here. You may even get a chance to encounter elephants, but it is quite rare. Some of the activities for tourists include gorilla visits, climbing Karisimbi and Bisoke volcano, tour to lakes and caves, visit the tomb of Fossey, and cultural village tour. On the 1st of September, the naming ceremony of baby gorilla takes place.

Inema Arts Centre, Kigali

Are you someone who loves stokes? Are you taken away by brush stokes turning into an astonishing masterpiece? Then you should not miss paying a visit to this museum. Inema arts centre houses the artistic talents from all over Rwanda. This centre also teaches orphans to form various orphanages and encourages women to try out the art. You can even look at some of the artists creating their artwork and have a chat with them. Sculptures kept at the front and display is fascinating. You can even sip coffee at one point to refresh yourselves. Additionally, every Tuesday, Thursday, and Sunday, dance performances are also organized in the evening. 

Nyamyumba Hot Springs, Rubava

These hot springs are located just 7 kilometres away from the Gisenyi town of Rubavu district. Communities living in the surrounding area attach spiritual and superstitious beliefs with the hot springs. The spring waters are referred to as magic waters by the local villagers as they have a belief that the water possesses healing powers. Different powers are attached to different springs. Nyamyumba hot spring is believed to cure a variety of fungal infections, such as ringworms. It is also believed to cure illnesses like skin rashes, flu, cuts, wounds, joint pains, and headaches. This water is preferred for cooking by the residents. With the onset of the evening, the springs become crowded with villagers going for a swim or bath. Some people can be found relaxing. Do exert precautions while bathing as some portion may even contain bacterias like thermophiles. Take a bath first before jumping into the hot spring. In some areas, the water is really hot; that even an egg can be boiled in it!

Nyungwe Forest

Nyungwe forest is the largest and the oldest rainforest of Africa located in the southwestern region of Rwanda. A large number of chimpanzees reside in this protected mountain. Twelve other primate species are also present in this mountain. You can get here by private vehicles or buses also available. It is just 4-5 hours away from Kigali. If you are travelling by bus, get down at Uwinka Visitor Centre. Do visit the Kamiranzovu waterfalls, starting from the Gisapura reception centre. Different treks are availed in this park-like chimpanzee permits. Alternatively, you can go for a trekking trip around the beautiful Kamiranzovu waterfall. The trekking team leaves at nine in the morning and one in the afternoon, so reach on time! 

Lake Ihema, Savannah

Ihema Lake, situated in the southern region of Akagera National Park of the eastern province, is the largest lake in the park. This lake is fed by river Akagera located at an altitude of 1292 metres above the sea level, with the depth ranges from 5-7 metres varying according to area and season. Hippopotamus and crocodiles can be found in this lake Long with fishes. Yes, fishes cohabitate with these hippos and crocodiles. More than 550 species of birds exists here comprising of rare and vulnerable ones like shoebill, gonolek, and other endemic species. Kingfishers, jacanas, and types of raptors can also be spotted here. A boat trip is highly recommended, and most of the tourists visiting the Akagera National Park do take one. Besides enjoying the ethereal view obtained by nature, you can even come across animal species like perennial papyrus. Tilapias are the most common fish here, and you can enjoy fishing at this magnificent lake site. 

Rusumo Falls

This 15 m high and 40 m wide waterfall is located on Kagera River, part of the most distant waters of river Nile bordering Rwanda and Tanzania. These falls are the place where Europeans first arrived in Rwanda, and Genomia slaughter took place. People escape from the bridge built here, hence become a place of historical importance. You can enjoy a magnificent view of the hilltop towards the river and bridge. The bridge lets you enjoy a clear sight of these turbulent waterfalls.  

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