Vietnam comprises of dense forests with many hills. It is hard to find a levelled land in Vietnam, which is less than 20 % of the entire area in the country. Mountains are spread over 40 % of the total land while the tropical forests occupy over 42% of
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Vietnamese culture has strong similarities to Southern China, as it had been a tributary state to China for a very long time. Buddhism is practised as a dominant religion in Vietnam. Traditional family and community values receive high priority from the people of Vietnam. Vietnamese dragon is derived from a graphic image of crocodile and snake. It is a symbolic creature in the folktales and mythological beliefs of the country. There is a myth prevailing in the country, stating that they are the descendants of a dragon and a fairy. The formal dress of Vietnam – ao dai is adorned on traditional weddings and religious festivals. Western weddings are becoming popular in the country, but Vietnamese style traditional weddings are not completely out-dated yet. Vietnam is rich in literature heritage too. Folk tales are passes down to generations by word of mouth. Mythical stories of supernatural beings, heroes, gods have also found a place in the literature. The classic traditional music, the oldest form of music of Vietnam, originated from the northern region. In the 19th century,
Bolero music found its place in this country's culture. Nowadays, K-pop has also become popular.
Football is the most popular sport in the country, and the national team even won awards in various international championships. Sports are popular in Vietnamese women too. Besides football, in which they dominate over Southeast Asia, some other commonly played games include badminton, Ping-Pong, tennis ball, volleyball, and chess. In recent years, even basketball is becoming widespread in Vietnam, especially in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City.
The routes of Vietnam are quite safe. Even women can smoothly go on road trips, and no physical harm is recorded. For short distances, you can rent a private vehicle for sightseeing in nearby areas. However, pay attention while driving on the roads, for a very little attention is paid to the driving rules and regulations here. A 100cc motorbike is the most rented vehicle in Vietnam by the tourists. If you want to ride a vehicle on the streets of Vietnam, it is mandatory for you to obtain a temporary Vietnamese motorcycle license. If you desire to burn a few calories, you can go for cycling. It is easily accessible here.
Small towns and beaches of Vietnam can be your perfect locations to show your cycling skills! If you have an inclination towards adventure while travelling around, then you can try visiting Hai Van Pass – a 21 kilometres long mountain pass situated on the border of Da Nang and Thua Thien Hue Province. The literal meaning of Hai Van is ocean cloud pass. You can reach here through National Route 1A over the mountains to an elevation of nearly 500 m. It has many twisting routes, so it is advisable to hire a local driver, but the construction of Hai Van tunnel improved safety of the travellers.
Located in Chu Chi district of Ho Chi Minh City, these 121 kilometre long tunnels are an extensive network of tunnels widespread in the country. These were used in the Vietnam War for forming military strategies and camping. These tunnels also served the purpose of providing refuge to the soldiers during combats. They also facilitated the supply of armed weapons, food, and medical needs. Now, these tunnels are transformed into War Memorial Park having two display sites- Ben Dinh and Ben Duoc. Visitors are allowed to crawl in the safer parts of the tunnel. Ben Dinh is enlarged for the comfort of the tourists while Ben Duoh tunnels are still standing as they were. The location also attracts the tourist from its surface with the provision of caged monkeys and a shooting range.
Ha Long Bay, located in Northern Vietnam, has a biodiversity of about 15 floral and 60 fauna species along with an evergreen, oceanic and seashore biosystem. The meaning of its name is descending dragon. For its significant phases of earth's history and original limestone karstic feature, Ha Long Bay was included in the list of World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Kim Que Cave (Golden Turtle Cave) is believed to be the place where the golden turtle after fighting against the monsters died. A tale in which a frog assisted all the animals to protest against the heavens for eradicating the drought prevailed at that time inspires the name of Con Coc cave (Frog Islet). Another cave with a famous story attached to it is Hang Trong Hang Trinh Nu caves (Male Cave and Virgin Cave). A beautiful woman fell for a fisherman, and on reaching the shore, the landlord forced the beauty to marry him. Then the beauty, along with her lover became an islet. Thien Cung Cave (Paradise Cave) is believed to visualise the seven-day grand marriage of dragon king.
Even though Vung Tau has other tourist attractions, it is mostly famous for its beaches. The colonial-era architecture is a pleasing sight to art lovers. The 32-metre high statue of Christ in Vung Tau is the tallest statue of Christ in Asia. You can easily reach here via National Highways and Regional Highways. Ho Chi Minh City Expressway can also be used for reaching this place.
These forests are located in Can Gio Biosphere Reserve, as listed in the UNESCO. It is a wetland situated in Ho Chi Minh City. This mangrove Wildlife Sanctuary houses many rare wildlife species. This site has more than 150 species, mainly houses mollusc, crustaceans, fishes, and amphibians. The saltwater crocodile is protected here since their numbers decreased. If you visit this biosphere reserve in migratory season, you can even visit the migratory shorebirds in the mudflats and sandbanks. The essential ecological processes performed by the prevalent mangroves include coastal stabilisation, protection to the biosphere reserve against oil spills, coastal erosion, and storm surges.
Located in North Vietnam, it is declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The meaning of its name tam coc is three caves. And yes, the cave comprises of three caves namely- Hang Ca, Hang Hai and Hang Ba. As this flooded cave karst system is located on the river Ngo Dong, you need to reach here by boats. The boats take off from the Van Lam Village, and this location is famous for the residents rowing the boat with their feet. The route ventures through rice fields, caves, and limestone karsts. The local women are ready to guide you through this adventure. Embroidery goods are sold here.
This reserve turned national park, declared as a world heritage site by UNESCO has complicated geological structure and underground rivers. You can reach this national park by highways, or trains or flights. If you are the one to have passion for trekking, then you can try trekking on the sloping mountains here with more than 1000 metres of height. Another adventurous activity that can surely raise your adrenaline levels is boating upwards on Chay River. This trip will take you into primitive forests, and you will be encountering numerous waterfalls of about height 50 metres. Beware of whirlpools while boating here! You will be tired of exploring the caves here for this national park has over 300 caves! A vast diversity in flora and fauna can also be found here.